SHORT SUMMARY OF THE CHEQUERED HISTORY OF HUNGARY:
The arrival of Hungarian tribes into the Carpathian Basin under the leadership
The conquest of Pannonia by Hungarians.
Death of Prince Geza. His successor was St István, the first Hungarian
The reign of St István. He made the Hungarian
people christian and organised the kingdom. MAP
The age of Árpád dynasty.
riots and overcoming external attacks led by germans, pagan pechenegs, cumans
and others, the Hungarian state became firm. During this period many earthwork
forts, motte type castles and only a few stonework casle were built. EDELÉNY,
The Tatar invasion devastated almost the entire country. Only a few castle
built by masonry could resist. PANNONHALMA,
King Béla IV reorganised the kingdom and ordered to start a construction
programme of stone
castles throughout the country. VISEGRÁD ALSÓVÁR
The male line of house of Árpád ceased. 23 Hungarian kings were
originated from this dynasty. MAP
The reign of Anjou dynasty in Hungary. During the firts some decades king
Károly Róbert of Anjou had managed to consolidate his power by many
sieges and battles against powerful nobles like Csák Máté
and Aba Amadé. Károly Róbert's son Lajos (the Great) I, carried
on unsuccesful military campaignes in order to gain the throne of Naples. He inherited
the Polish throne as well. The castles became more comfortable and ornamented.
The reign of Zsigmond of Luxemburg. The group of the richest noblemen increased
their power counter to the king. The 'Friss' Palace had been built during the
rule of Zsigmond in Buda. BUDA Zsigmond's
army was defeated twice by the Ottoman Turks in the Balkan.
The Czech Hussites captured many castles in northern Hungary. In the end they
were driven out by king Mátyás. SAJÓNÉMETI,
defension of the important castle of Nándorfehérvár (now
Unsuccesful battle against
the Turks in the Balkan.
rule of Mátyás of Hunyadi. Fights against the Turks, Czechs and
Habsburgs. Mátyás succesfuly strengthened the kingdom.
The army gathered under the Sign of the Cross took arm against the Hungarian
noble lords. János Szapolyai suppressed the peasant revolt with bloody
The army of Hungarian king
Lajos II was totally defeated by Turks at Mohács.
Hungarian troops managed to defend the castle of Koszeg against Turks to have
been to attack Vienna. KÕSZEG
There were two elected kings of Hungary at the same time.
The country was devided between the two kings by a treaty. The western part
belonged to Ferdinand of Habsburg, while the eastern part was ruled by Janos Szapolyai.
The succesful defence of castle Eger against the Turks. EGER
The Military Council was established
in Vienna which organised the reinforcement of Hungarian castles against the Turks.
Up to 1686
Fights with changeful success against the Ottoman Empire. There
happened many sieges of castles
during this period. MAP
Turks had been driven out of Hungary under the leadership of Habsburgs.
The recapture of castle Buda. BUDA
Many castles - as they were
judged being unnecessary any longer - were ordered to have blown up
of Habsburg I. SZIGLIGET, SIROK
Fight for freedom against Habsburgs
led by Ferenc Rákóczi II. Many castles were destroyed again. TOKAJ
Up to 1918
Hungary had been ruled by Habsburgs.
Revolution and War for Independence against Habsburgs. Castle of Buda was
I had the fortress of Citadella built in Buda in order to prevent a new revolt.
The Copromise was made between Austria and Hungary under the rule of Ferenc
József I. The Age of Dualism began.
The construction of fortresses of Komárom was finished.
KOMÁROM, MONOSTORI, IGMÁNDI,
The World War I. The Austro-Hungarian
of Habsburg IV, the last Hungarian king was forced to resign.
04 06 1920
The Paris Peace Treaty was signed outside
Paris, in the Trianon Palace. MAP The Hungarian
kingdom originated from the Middle Ages was
ceased and on the one third of
its territory the modern Hungary has been existing since then.
The last siege of castle Buda during the World War II, laid by the
Soviet Red Army.