The English version is not completely ready now.
If you do not mind that the texts are written in Hungarian, I suggest you step forward to have a look at the pictures of our castles. The maps and the plans will help you enjoy them. Since I am the only man who makes this hompage, it will take for a while by the time I will have been able to translate all the texts. Look back later!

This collection displays the remains of fortified places of (modern) Hungary. You ought to know that this area is only the middle part of the Historical Hungary, since the greater part of the country, where almost all of the castles were built by Hungarian kings or noblemen, was annexed to the neighbouring countries owing to the Paris Peace Treaty in 1920. To understand why are most of our castles in such a poor state of repair, I recommend you to read through the next very brief extraction of history of Hungary.

The aerial photos shown in this site were taken by the CIVERTAN Studio
(connection:
civertan@civertan.hu) ,
site: www.civertan.hu )

Hnugary in the heart of Europe


THE SHORT SUMMARY OF THE CHEQUERED HISTORY OF HUNGARY:

895
The arrival of Hungarian tribes into the Carpathian Basin under the leadership of Árpád.

895-970
The conquest of Pannonia by Hungarians.

997
Death of Prince Geza. His successor was St István, the first Hungarian king.

1000-1038
The reign of St István. He made the Hungarian people christian and organised the kingdom. MAP

1000-1301
The age of Árpád dynasty.

1000-1241
After internal riots and overcoming external attacks led by germans, pagan pechenegs, cumans and others, the Hungarian state became firm. During this period many earthwork forts, motte type castles and only a few stonework casle were built. EDELÉNY, ESZTEREGNYE, ESZTERGOM

1241-1242
The Tatar invasion devastated almost the entire country. Only a few castle built by masonry could resist. PANNONHALMA, SOPRON

After 1242
King Béla IV reorganised the kingdom and ordered to start a construction programme of stone
castles throughout the country. VISEGRÁD ALSÓVÁR and FELLEGVÁR

1301
The male line of house of Árpád ceased. 23 Hungarian kings were originated from this dynasty. MAP

1301-1387
The reign of Anjou dynasty in Hungary. During the firts some decades king Károly Róbert of Anjou had managed to consolidate his power by many sieges and battles against powerful nobles like Csák Máté and Aba Amadé. Károly Róbert's son Lajos (the Great) I, carried on unsuccesful military campaignes in order to gain the throne of Naples. He inherited the Polish throne as well. The castles became more comfortable and ornamented. DIÓSGYÕR

1387-1437
The reign of Zsigmond of Luxemburg. The group of the richest noblemen increased their power counter to the king. The 'Friss' Palace had been built during the rule of Zsigmond in Buda. BUDA Zsigmond's army was defeated twice by the Ottoman Turks in the Balkan.

1428-1465
The Czech Hussites captured many castles in northern Hungary. In the end they were driven out by king Mátyás. SAJÓNÉMETI, VADNA

1446
Resultful defension of the important castle of Nándorfehérvár (now Beograd).

1448
Unsuccesful battle against the Turks in the Balkan.

1458-1490
The rule of Mátyás of Hunyadi. Fights against the Turks, Czechs and Habsburgs. Mátyás succesfuly strengthened the kingdom.

1514
The army gathered under the Sign of the Cross took arm against the Hungarian noble lords. János Szapolyai suppressed the peasant revolt with bloody cruelty.

1526
The army of Hungarian king Lajos II was totally defeated by Turks at Mohács.

1532
Hungarian troops managed to defend the castle of Koszeg against Turks to have been to attack Vienna. KÕSZEG

1526-1538
There were two elected kings of Hungary at the same time.

1538
The country was devided between the two kings by a treaty. The western part belonged to Ferdinand of Habsburg, while the eastern part was ruled by Janos Szapolyai.

1552
The succesful defence of castle Eger against the Turks. EGER

1556
The Military Council was established in Vienna which organised the reinforcement of Hungarian castles against the Turks. GYÕR, SZENDRÕ

Up to 1686
Fights with changeful success against the Ottoman Empire. There happened many sieges of castles
during this period. MAP

1683-1699
Turks had been driven out of Hungary under the leadership of Habsburgs.

1686
The recapture of castle Buda. BUDA

After 1702
Many castles - as they were judged being unnecessary any longer - were ordered to have blown up
by Leopold of Habsburg I. SZIGLIGET, SIROK

1703-1711
Fight for freedom against Habsburgs led by Ferenc Rákóczi II. Many castles were destroyed again. TOKAJ

Up to 1918
Hungary had been ruled by Habsburgs.

1848-1849
Revolution and War for Independence against Habsburgs. Castle of Buda was sieged again.

1854
Ferenc József I had the fortress of Citadella built in Buda in order to prevent a new revolt. CITADELLA

1867
The Copromise was made between Austria and Hungary under the rule of Ferenc József I. The Age of Dualism began.

1877
The construction of fortresses of Komárom was finished. KOMÁROM, MONOSTORI, IGMÁNDI, NÁDORVONAL, ÖREGVÁR-ÚJVÁR.

1914-1918
The World War I. The Austro-Hungarian Monarchy collapsed.

1918
Károly of Habsburg IV, the last Hungarian king was forced to resign.

04 06 1920
The Paris Peace Treaty was signed outside Paris, in the Trianon Palace. MAP The Hungarian kingdom originated from the Middle Ages was
ceased and on the one third of its territory the modern Hungary has been existing since then.

1944-1945
The last siege of castle Buda during the World War II, laid by the Soviet Red Army.


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